KANPHOS_Str

Search Results (3 kinases found)

Displaying 1 - 3 of 3 Items
items per page
Order by
 
Gene name
Organism
Protein name
FYN
Human
Tyrosine-protein kinase Fyn
Kinase Information
Organism
Human (Homo sapiens)
Uniprot ID
FYN_HUMAN
Accession #
P06241
Protein names
  • Tyrosine-protein kinase Fyn
  • EC 2.7.10.2
  • Proto-oncogene Syn
  • Proto-oncogene c-Fyn
  • Src-like kinase
  • SLK
  • p59-Fyn
Gene names
  • FYN
Description
Non-receptor tyrosine-protein kinase that plays a role in many biological processes including regulation of cell growth and survival, cell adhesion, integrin-mediated signaling, cytoskeletal remodeling, cell motility, immune response and axon guidance. Inactive FYN is phosphorylated on its C-terminal tail within the catalytic domain. Following activation by PKA, the protein subsequently associates with PTK2/FAK1, allowing PTK2/FAK1 phosphorylation, activation and targeting to focal adhesions. Involved in the regulation of cell adhesion and motility through phosphorylation of CTNNB1 (beta-catenin) and CTNND1 (delta-catenin). Regulates cytoskeletal remodeling by phosphorylating several proteins including the actin regulator WAS and the microtubule-associated proteins MAP2 and MAPT. Promotes cell survival by phosphorylating AGAP2/PIKE-A and preventing its apoptotic cleavage. Participates in signal transduction pathways that regulate the integrity of the glomerular slit diaphragm (an essential part of the glomerular filter of the kidney) by phosphorylating several slit diaphragm components including NPHS1, KIRREL1 and TRPC6. Plays a role in neural processes by phosphorylating DPYSL2, a multifunctional adapter protein within the central nervous system, ARHGAP32, a regulator for Rho family GTPases implicated in various neural functions, and SNCA, a small pre-synaptic protein. Participates in the downstream signaling pathways that lead to T-cell differentiation and proliferation following T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation. Phosphorylates PTK2B/PYK2 in response to T-cell receptor activation. Also participates in negative feedback regulation of TCR signaling through phosphorylation of PAG1, thereby promoting interaction between PAG1 and CSK and recruitment of CSK to lipid rafts. CSK maintains LCK and FYN in an inactive form. Promotes CD28-induced phosphorylation of VAV1. In mast cells, phosphorylates CLNK after activation of immunoglobulin epsilon receptor signaling (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P39688, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11005864, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11162638, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11536198, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12788081, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14707117, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14761972, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15536091, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15557120, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16387660, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16841086, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17194753, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18056706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18258597, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19179337, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19652227, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20028775, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20100835, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22080863, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7568038, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7822789}.
Links

Search Substrates of FYN (Human)
Gene Ontology Terms (106)
Phosphorylation Site Information
LYN
Human
Tyrosine-protein kinase Lyn
Kinase Information
Organism
Human (Homo sapiens)
Uniprot ID
LYN_HUMAN
Accession #
P07948
Protein names
  • Tyrosine-protein kinase Lyn
  • EC 2.7.10.2
  • Lck/Yes-related novel protein tyrosine kinase
  • V-yes-1 Yamaguchi sarcoma viral related oncogene homolog
  • p53Lyn
  • p56Lyn
Gene names
  • LYN
  • JTK8
Description
Non-receptor tyrosine-protein kinase that transmits signals from cell surface receptors and plays an important role in the regulation of innate and adaptive immune responses, hematopoiesis, responses to growth factors and cytokines, integrin signaling, but also responses to DNA damage and genotoxic agents. Functions primarily as negative regulator, but can also function as activator, depending on the context. Required for the initiation of the B-cell response, but also for its down-regulation and termination. Plays an important role in the regulation of B-cell differentiation, proliferation, survival and apoptosis, and is important for immune self-tolerance. Acts downstream of several immune receptors, including the B-cell receptor, CD79A, CD79B, CD5, CD19, CD22, FCER1, FCGR2, FCGR1A, TLR2 and TLR4. Plays a role in the inflammatory response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Mediates the responses to cytokines and growth factors in hematopoietic progenitors, platelets, erythrocytes, and in mature myeloid cells, such as dendritic cells, neutrophils and eosinophils. Acts downstream of EPOR, KIT, MPL, the chemokine receptor CXCR4, as well as the receptors for IL3, IL5 and CSF2. Plays an important role in integrin signaling. Regulates cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, migration, adhesion, degranulation, and cytokine release. Down-regulates signaling pathways by phosphorylation of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM), that then serve as binding sites for phosphatases, such as PTPN6/SHP-1, PTPN11/SHP-2 and INPP5D/SHIP-1, that modulate signaling by dephosphorylation of kinases and their substrates. Phosphorylates LIME1 in response to CD22 activation. Phosphorylates BTK, CBL, CD5, CD19, CD72, CD79A, CD79B, CSF2RB, DOK1, HCLS1, LILRB3/PIR-B, MS4A2/FCER1B, SYK and TEC. Promotes phosphorylation of SIRPA, PTPN6/SHP-1, PTPN11/SHP-2 and INPP5D/SHIP-1. Mediates phosphorylation of the BCR-ABL fusion protein. Required for rapid phosphorylation of FER in response to FCER1 activation. Mediates KIT phosphorylation. Acts as an effector of EPOR (erythropoietin receptor) in controlling KIT expression and may play a role in erythroid differentiation during the switch between proliferation and maturation. Depending on the context, activates or inhibits several signaling cascades. Regulates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity and AKT1 activation. Regulates activation of the MAP kinase signaling cascade, including activation of MAP2K1/MEK1, MAPK1/ERK2, MAPK3/ERK1, MAPK8/JNK1 and MAPK9/JNK2. Mediates activation of STAT5A and/or STAT5B. Phosphorylates LPXN on 'Tyr-72'. Kinase activity facilitates TLR4-TLR6 heterodimerization and signal initiation. Phosphorylates SCIMP on 'Tyr-107'; this enhances binding of SCIMP to TLR4, promoting the phosphorylation of TLR4, and a selective cytokine response to lipopolysaccharide in macrophages (By similarity). Phosphorylates CLNK (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P25911, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10574931, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10748115, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10891478, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11435302, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11517336, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11825908, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14726379, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15795233, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16467205, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17640867, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17977829, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18056483, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18070987, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18235045, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18577747, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18802065, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19290919, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20037584, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7687428}.
Links

Search Substrates of LYN (Human)
Gene Ontology Terms (119)
Phosphorylation Site Information
PRKACA
Human
cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha
Kinase Information
Organism
Human (Homo sapiens)
Uniprot ID
KAPCA_HUMAN
Accession #
P17612
Protein names
  • cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha
  • PKA C-alpha
  • EC 2.7.11.11
Gene names
  • PRKACA
  • PKACA
Description
Phosphorylates a large number of substrates in the cytoplasm and the nucleus (PubMed:15642694, PubMed:15905176, PubMed:16387847, PubMed:17333334, PubMed:17565987, PubMed:17693412, PubMed:18836454, PubMed:19949837, PubMed:20356841, PubMed:21085490, PubMed:21514275, PubMed:21812984). Phosphorylates CDC25B, ABL1, NFKB1, CLDN3, PSMC5/RPT6, PJA2, RYR2, RORA, SOX9 and VASP (PubMed:15642694, PubMed:15905176, PubMed:16387847, PubMed:17333334, PubMed:17565987, PubMed:17693412, PubMed:18836454, PubMed:19949837, PubMed:20356841, PubMed:21085490, PubMed:21514275, PubMed:21812984). Regulates the abundance of compartmentalized pools of its regulatory subunits through phosphorylation of PJA2 which binds and ubiquitinates these subunits, leading to their subsequent proteolysis (PubMed:21423175). RORA is activated by phosphorylation (PubMed:21514275). Required for glucose-mediated adipogenic differentiation increase and osteogenic differentiation inhibition from osteoblasts (PubMed:19949837). Involved in chondrogenesis by mediating phosphorylation of SOX9 (By similarity). Involved in the regulation of platelets in response to thrombin and collagen; maintains circulating platelets in a resting state by phosphorylating proteins in numerous platelet inhibitory pathways when in complex with NF-kappa-B (NFKB1 and NFKB2) and I-kappa-B-alpha (NFKBIA), but thrombin and collagen disrupt these complexes and free active PRKACA stimulates platelets and leads to platelet aggregation by phosphorylating VASP (PubMed:15642694, PubMed:20356841). Prevents the antiproliferative and anti-invasive effects of alpha-difluoromethylornithine in breast cancer cells when activated (PubMed:17333334). RYR2 channel activity is potentiated by phosphorylation in presence of luminal Ca(2+), leading to reduced amplitude and increased frequency of store overload-induced Ca(2+) release (SOICR) characterized by an increased rate of Ca(2+) release and propagation velocity of spontaneous Ca(2+) waves, despite reduced wave amplitude and resting cytosolic Ca(2+) (PubMed:17693412). PSMC5/RPT6 activation by phosphorylation stimulates proteasome (PubMed:17565987). Negatively regulates tight junctions (TJs) in ovarian cancer cells via CLDN3 phosphorylation (PubMed:15905176). NFKB1 phosphorylation promotes NF-kappa-B p50-p50 DNA binding (PubMed:15642694). Involved in embryonic development by down-regulating the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway that determines embryo pattern formation and morphogenesis. Prevents meiosis resumption in prophase-arrested oocytes via CDC25B inactivation by phosphorylation (By similarity). May also regulate rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in the pedunculopontine tegmental (PPT) (By similarity). Phosphorylates APOBEC3G and AICDA (PubMed:16387847, PubMed:18836454). Phosphorylates HSF1; this phosphorylation promotes HSF1 nuclear localization and transcriptional activity upon heat shock (PubMed:21085490). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P05132, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P27791, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15642694, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15905176, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16387847, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17333334, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17565987, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17693412, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18836454, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19949837, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20356841, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21085490, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21423175, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21514275, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21812984}.; [Isoform 2]: Phosphorylates and activates ABL1 in sperm flagellum to promote spermatozoa capacitation. {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P05132}.
Links

Search Substrates of PRKACA (Human)
KEGG Pathways (69)
Gene Ontology Terms (76)
Phosphorylation Site Information