KANPHOS_Str

Search Results (4 kinases found)

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Gene name
Organism
Protein name
FYN
Human
Tyrosine-protein kinase Fyn
Kinase Information
Organism
Human (Homo sapiens)
Uniprot ID
FYN_HUMAN
Accession #
P06241
Protein names
  • Tyrosine-protein kinase Fyn
  • EC 2.7.10.2
  • Proto-oncogene Syn
  • Proto-oncogene c-Fyn
  • Src-like kinase
  • SLK
  • p59-Fyn
Gene names
  • FYN
Description
Non-receptor tyrosine-protein kinase that plays a role in many biological processes including regulation of cell growth and survival, cell adhesion, integrin-mediated signaling, cytoskeletal remodeling, cell motility, immune response and axon guidance. Inactive FYN is phosphorylated on its C-terminal tail within the catalytic domain. Following activation by PKA, the protein subsequently associates with PTK2/FAK1, allowing PTK2/FAK1 phosphorylation, activation and targeting to focal adhesions. Involved in the regulation of cell adhesion and motility through phosphorylation of CTNNB1 (beta-catenin) and CTNND1 (delta-catenin). Regulates cytoskeletal remodeling by phosphorylating several proteins including the actin regulator WAS and the microtubule-associated proteins MAP2 and MAPT. Promotes cell survival by phosphorylating AGAP2/PIKE-A and preventing its apoptotic cleavage. Participates in signal transduction pathways that regulate the integrity of the glomerular slit diaphragm (an essential part of the glomerular filter of the kidney) by phosphorylating several slit diaphragm components including NPHS1, KIRREL1 and TRPC6. Plays a role in neural processes by phosphorylating DPYSL2, a multifunctional adapter protein within the central nervous system, ARHGAP32, a regulator for Rho family GTPases implicated in various neural functions, and SNCA, a small pre-synaptic protein. Participates in the downstream signaling pathways that lead to T-cell differentiation and proliferation following T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation. Phosphorylates PTK2B/PYK2 in response to T-cell receptor activation. Also participates in negative feedback regulation of TCR signaling through phosphorylation of PAG1, thereby promoting interaction between PAG1 and CSK and recruitment of CSK to lipid rafts. CSK maintains LCK and FYN in an inactive form. Promotes CD28-induced phosphorylation of VAV1. In mast cells, phosphorylates CLNK after activation of immunoglobulin epsilon receptor signaling (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P39688, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11005864, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11162638, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11536198, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12788081, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14707117, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14761972, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15536091, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15557120, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16387660, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16841086, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17194753, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18056706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18258597, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19179337, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19652227, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20028775, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20100835, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22080863, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7568038, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7822789}.
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Search Substrates of FYN (Human)
Gene Ontology Terms (106)
Phosphorylation Site Information
LYN
Human
Tyrosine-protein kinase Lyn
Kinase Information
Organism
Human (Homo sapiens)
Uniprot ID
LYN_HUMAN
Accession #
P07948
Protein names
  • Tyrosine-protein kinase Lyn
  • EC 2.7.10.2
  • Lck/Yes-related novel protein tyrosine kinase
  • V-yes-1 Yamaguchi sarcoma viral related oncogene homolog
  • p53Lyn
  • p56Lyn
Gene names
  • LYN
  • JTK8
Description
Non-receptor tyrosine-protein kinase that transmits signals from cell surface receptors and plays an important role in the regulation of innate and adaptive immune responses, hematopoiesis, responses to growth factors and cytokines, integrin signaling, but also responses to DNA damage and genotoxic agents. Functions primarily as negative regulator, but can also function as activator, depending on the context. Required for the initiation of the B-cell response, but also for its down-regulation and termination. Plays an important role in the regulation of B-cell differentiation, proliferation, survival and apoptosis, and is important for immune self-tolerance. Acts downstream of several immune receptors, including the B-cell receptor, CD79A, CD79B, CD5, CD19, CD22, FCER1, FCGR2, FCGR1A, TLR2 and TLR4. Plays a role in the inflammatory response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Mediates the responses to cytokines and growth factors in hematopoietic progenitors, platelets, erythrocytes, and in mature myeloid cells, such as dendritic cells, neutrophils and eosinophils. Acts downstream of EPOR, KIT, MPL, the chemokine receptor CXCR4, as well as the receptors for IL3, IL5 and CSF2. Plays an important role in integrin signaling. Regulates cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, migration, adhesion, degranulation, and cytokine release. Down-regulates signaling pathways by phosphorylation of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM), that then serve as binding sites for phosphatases, such as PTPN6/SHP-1, PTPN11/SHP-2 and INPP5D/SHIP-1, that modulate signaling by dephosphorylation of kinases and their substrates. Phosphorylates LIME1 in response to CD22 activation. Phosphorylates BTK, CBL, CD5, CD19, CD72, CD79A, CD79B, CSF2RB, DOK1, HCLS1, LILRB3/PIR-B, MS4A2/FCER1B, SYK and TEC. Promotes phosphorylation of SIRPA, PTPN6/SHP-1, PTPN11/SHP-2 and INPP5D/SHIP-1. Mediates phosphorylation of the BCR-ABL fusion protein. Required for rapid phosphorylation of FER in response to FCER1 activation. Mediates KIT phosphorylation. Acts as an effector of EPOR (erythropoietin receptor) in controlling KIT expression and may play a role in erythroid differentiation during the switch between proliferation and maturation. Depending on the context, activates or inhibits several signaling cascades. Regulates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity and AKT1 activation. Regulates activation of the MAP kinase signaling cascade, including activation of MAP2K1/MEK1, MAPK1/ERK2, MAPK3/ERK1, MAPK8/JNK1 and MAPK9/JNK2. Mediates activation of STAT5A and/or STAT5B. Phosphorylates LPXN on 'Tyr-72'. Kinase activity facilitates TLR4-TLR6 heterodimerization and signal initiation. Phosphorylates SCIMP on 'Tyr-107'; this enhances binding of SCIMP to TLR4, promoting the phosphorylation of TLR4, and a selective cytokine response to lipopolysaccharide in macrophages (By similarity). Phosphorylates CLNK (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P25911, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10574931, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10748115, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10891478, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11435302, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11517336, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11825908, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14726379, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15795233, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16467205, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17640867, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17977829, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18056483, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18070987, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18235045, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18577747, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18802065, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19290919, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20037584, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7687428}.
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Search Substrates of LYN (Human)
Gene Ontology Terms (119)
Phosphorylation Site Information
MAPK1
Human
Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1
Kinase Information
Organism
Human (Homo sapiens)
Uniprot ID
MK01_HUMAN
Accession #
P28482
Protein names
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1
  • MAP kinase 1
  • MAPK 1
  • EC 2.7.11.24
  • ERT1
  • Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2
  • ERK-2
  • MAP kinase isoform p42
  • p42-MAPK
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase 2
  • MAP kinase 2
  • MAPK 2
Gene names
  • MAPK1
  • ERK2
  • PRKM1
  • PRKM2
Description
Serine/threonine kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. MAPK1/ERK2 and MAPK3/ERK1 are the 2 MAPKs which play an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade. They participate also in a signaling cascade initiated by activated KIT and KITLG/SCF. Depending on the cellular context, the MAPK/ERK cascade mediates diverse biological functions such as cell growth, adhesion, survival and differentiation through the regulation of transcription, translation, cytoskeletal rearrangements. The MAPK/ERK cascade plays also a role in initiation and regulation of meiosis, mitosis, and postmitotic functions in differentiated cells by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors. About 160 substrates have already been discovered for ERKs. Many of these substrates are localized in the nucleus, and seem to participate in the regulation of transcription upon stimulation. However, other substrates are found in the cytosol as well as in other cellular organelles, and those are responsible for processes such as translation, mitosis and apoptosis. Moreover, the MAPK/ERK cascade is also involved in the regulation of the endosomal dynamics, including lysosome processing and endosome cycling through the perinuclear recycling compartment (PNRC); as well as in the fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis. The substrates include transcription factors (such as ATF2, BCL6, ELK1, ERF, FOS, HSF4 or SPZ1), cytoskeletal elements (such as CANX, CTTN, GJA1, MAP2, MAPT, PXN, SORBS3 or STMN1), regulators of apoptosis (such as BAD, BTG2, CASP9, DAPK1, IER3, MCL1 or PPARG), regulators of translation (such as EIF4EBP1) and a variety of other signaling-related molecules (like ARHGEF2, DCC, FRS2 or GRB10). Protein kinases (such as RAF1, RPS6KA1/RSK1, RPS6KA3/RSK2, RPS6KA2/RSK3, RPS6KA6/RSK4, SYK, MKNK1/MNK1, MKNK2/MNK2, RPS6KA5/MSK1, RPS6KA4/MSK2, MAPKAPK3 or MAPKAPK5) and phosphatases (such as DUSP1, DUSP4, DUSP6 or DUSP16) are other substrates which enable the propagation the MAPK/ERK signal to additional cytosolic and nuclear targets, thereby extending the specificity of the cascade. Mediates phosphorylation of TPR in response to EGF stimulation. May play a role in the spindle assembly checkpoint. Phosphorylates PML and promotes its interaction with PIN1, leading to PML degradation. Phosphorylates CDK2AP2 (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63086, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10617468, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10637505, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154262, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12110590, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12356731, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12792650, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12794087, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12974390, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15184391, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15241487, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15616583, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15664191, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15788397, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15952796, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16581800, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18794356, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19265199, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19879846, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22033920, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7588608, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8622688, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9480836, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9596579, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9649500, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9687510, ECO:0000303|PubMed:15526160, ECO:0000303|PubMed:16393692, ECO:0000303|PubMed:19565474, ECO:0000303|PubMed:21779493}.; Acts as a transcriptional repressor. Binds to a [GC]AAA[GC] consensus sequence. Repress the expression of interferon gamma-induced genes. Seems to bind to the promoter of CCL5, DMP1, IFIH1, IFITM1, IRF7, IRF9, LAMP3, OAS1, OAS2, OAS3 and STAT1. Transcriptional activity is independent of kinase activity. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19879846}.
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Search Substrates of MAPK1 (Human)
KEGG Pathways (115)
Gene Ontology Terms (115)
Phosphorylation Site Information
PKA*
Protein kinase A family
Kinase Information
Organism
()
Accession #
0000PKA
Protein names
  • Protein kinase A family
Gene names
  • PKA*
Description
N/A
Links

Search Substrates of PKA* ()
KEGG Pathways (0)
N/A
Gene Ontology Terms (0)
N/A
Phosphorylation Site Information